As the last President of the Founding Fathers of the United States and the third President to have died on Independence day; James Monroe was the fifth President of the United States from 1817-1825. As a member of the anti-Federalist party, Monroe served as a delegate in the Continental Congress. Monroe opposed ratification of the US Constitution claiming that it gave too much power to central government. Active in the new government , Monroe was elected to the Senate of the first United States Congress. Monroe gained executive experience as the Governor of Virginia and quickly gained national prominence as a diplomat in France when he helped to negotiate the Louisiana Purchase in 1803.
James Monroe was born in his parent’s home located in a wooded area of Westmoreland County, Virginia. On February 16, 1786 Monroe married Elizabeth Kortright Monroe in New York city. The had three children; Eliza, James and Maria. Eliza often served as the official White House hostess (due to the illness of her mother) for her presidential father’s events. Upon the death of his wife in 1830 , Monroe moved to New York to live with his daughter Maria. Monroe died 55 years after the Declaration of Independence was proclaimed on July 4th, 1831.
See James Monroe’s full bio @ Wikipedia.org
- James Monroe: A Resource Guide at the Library of Congress
- James Monroe at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- James Monroe at Find a Grave
- James Monroe at the White House
- ”James Monroe“. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
- American President: James Monroe (1758–1831) at the Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia
- James Monroe Papers at the University of Mary Washington
- A Guide to the Papers of James Monroe 1778–1831 at the University of Virginia Library
- Monroe Doctrine; December 2, 1823 at the Avalon Project